Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests of California and slightly extended into the state of Oregon. It is endemic to the California Floristic Province. It is the sole species in the genus Umbellularia.
The bay tree, like so many others, will develop differently depending upon the conditions in which it is growing. When found on drier hillsides, it is generally smaller, with yellower leaves and smaller nuts. In a canyon with its roots in plentiful water and rich soil, the leaves will be thinner and darker green and whole tree, nuts and leaves will generally be larger.
Because of its thin bark, the tree is easily top-killed by fire, but it sprouts rapidly. Dense clumps are often formed on cutover land, which may prevent the establishment of desired conifers.
Carolina Laurel Cherry is grown as an evergreen shrub or tree standard, favored for its shiny green foliage. However, the flower and fruit litter is a problem in paved areas, and it may reseed unwantedly. It withstands heat, dryness and wind, and is quite durable once established. Variety Compacta generally grows 8-10' tall. It may require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain its height below 25'.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Southeastern United States.
CAROLINA LAUREL CHERRY, CHERRY LAUREL
Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Conical or Oval Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 20 - 30 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Black Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter, Spring or Summer.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.
Sunset Zones 5 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Scales, Fire Blight, Root Rot, Rust, Gummosis and Verticillium.
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Not Deer Palatable.
Hedged or Topiary.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus caroliniana Tree Record." 1995-2017. May 4, 2017.