Plants starting with C

California Bay

California Bay

Umbellularia californica

Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests of California and slightly extended into the state of Oregon. It is endemic to the California Floristic Province. It is the sole species in the genus Umbellularia.

The bay tree, like so many others, will develop differently depending upon the conditions in which it is growing. When found on drier hillsides, it is generally smaller, with yellower leaves and smaller nuts. In a canyon with its roots in plentiful water and rich soil, the leaves will be thinner and darker green and whole tree, nuts and leaves will generally be larger.

Because of its thin bark, the tree is easily top-killed by fire, but it sprouts rapidly. Dense clumps are often formed on cutover land, which may prevent the establishment of desired conifers.

  • California Bay
  • Recommendation: Remove
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • California Bay

California Buckwheat

California Buckwheat

Erigonum fasciculatum
  • California Buckwheat
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: No
  • California Buckwheat

California Fuchsia

Zauschneria californica
  • California Fuchsia
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

California Poppy

Eschscholzia spp.
  • California Poppy
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Cape Honeysuckle

Tecomaria capensis
  • Cape Honeysuckle
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Carob

Ceratonia siliqua
  • Carob
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Carolina Laurel Cherry

Carolina Laurel Cherry

Prunus caroliniana

General Notes

Carolina Laurel Cherry is grown as an evergreen shrub or tree standard, favored for its shiny green foliage. However, the flower and fruit litter is a problem in paved areas, and it may reseed unwantedly. It withstands heat, dryness and wind, and is quite durable once established. Variety Compacta generally grows 8-10' tall. It may require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain its height below 25'.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Southeastern United States.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

CAROLINA LAUREL CHERRY, CHERRY LAUREL

Tree Characteristics

Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Conical or Oval Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 30 feet.

Width: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Black Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter, Spring or Summer.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Scales, Fire Blight, Root Rot, Rust, Gummosis and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Hedged or Topiary.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus caroliniana Tree Record." 1995-2017. May 4, 2017.
http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-caroliniana

  • Carolina Laurel Cherry
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No
  • Carolina Laurel Cherry

Carpet Bugle

Ajuga reptans
  • Carpet Bugle
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

  • Catalina Cherry
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cedars

Cedars

Cedrus spp.
  • Cedars
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: No
  • Cedars

Chamise, Greasewood

Chamise, Greasewood

Adenostoma fasciculatum
Adenostoma fasciculatum is a flowering plant native to Oregon, Nevada, California, and northern Baja California. This shrub is one of the most widespread plants of the chaparral biome. This plant is a major component of the chaparral and is holding the soil on the hillsides in California. Chamise also protects the soil after fires as it crown sprouts back from the base. A good understory plant that grows well under chamise, with a nice mulch of chamise leaves and twigs, is Viola pedunculata.
  • Chamise, Greasewood
  • Recommendation: Remove
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chamise, Greasewood

Chaparral Pea

Chaparral Pea

Pickeringia montana
  • Chaparral Pea
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chaparral Pea

Checkerbloom

Sidalcea malviflora
  • Checkerbloom
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Chinese Pistache

Pistacia chinensis
  • Chinese Pistache
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Chinquapin, Giant

Chinquapin, Giant

Chrysolepis chrysophylla
  • Chinquapin, Giant
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chinquapin, Giant

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