Plants starting with M

Macadamia Nut

Macadamia hybrids
  • Macadamia Nut
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No



Arbutus menziesii

Resistant to oak root fungus. Must have organic soil with excellent soil drainage. Beautiful, striking California native. Sudden Oak Death manifested as leaf spot and twig die-back.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Western North America.

An Arbutus menziesii in Carmel is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 125 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 327 inches and a crown spread of 112 feet.

Family: Ericaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 65 feet.

Width: 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic, Glossy Medium to Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Pink or White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Orange or Red Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Striking Red Brown, Exfoliating, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Bark.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 7 and 14 - 19.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay or Loam Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Caterpillars, Scales and Thrip, Needle Cast, Sudden Oak Death, Anthracnose, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Hardwood Trunk Rot, Red Fomes Rot, Pitted Sap Rot, Oak Root Rot and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Not Deer Palatable.

  • Madrone
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes
  • Madrone

Malva Rose (Tree Mallow)

Lavatera assurgentiflora
  • Malva Rose (Tree Mallow)
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No



Arctostaphyllos spp.

Should also be kept widely spaced from one another and regularly maintained by thinning and pruning out ALL dead branches and twigs.  When well maintained, most manzanita species are relatively fire resistant.  Without proper maintenance, manzanita can contribute significantly to wildfires - based on this, it should be avoided in the defensible space zone of houses in Marin's WUI.

  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Moderate
  • Native: Yes
  • Manzanita



Acer spp.

Acer (maple) species recommended for Marin:

Acer circinatumVINE MAPLE

  • Vine Maple does well in cooler climates, or in shaded locations which are relatively moist. It tolerates a wide variety of soils but prefers a fairly fertile, moist soil which is rich in humus. It is quite hardy but suffers in hot, dry conditions. A smaller alternative to Japanese Maple, as a patio or lawn specimen, but not as a shade tree per se. It usually develops multi-trunks, and makes a very attractive specimen with a low, broad, foliage canopy with an interesting habit. Good stream-side tree.

    Native to California.

Acer circinatum - photo


  • Japanese Maple is a commonly used accent tree in lawns or moderately moist settings, beneath an overstory of taller shade trees, and as a residential patio tree. It prefers a moist, well-drained loam with plenty of added humus. It is resistant to oak root fungus and green- leaf varieties can tolerate more sun. There are a multitude of hybrids, including variegated, laceleaf, miniature and purple-leaved varieties. Varieties 'Atropurpureum' and 'Bloodgood' may eventually require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain heights below 25'.

    Native to Japan and Korea.

Acer palmatum - photo


  • Utility friendly tree.

    Branches don't droop and resist breakage.

  • Maple
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No
  • Maple

Matilija Poppy

Romneya coulteri
  • Matilija Poppy
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Mexican Evening Primrose

Oenothera berlandieri
  • Mexican Evening Primrose
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Monkey Flower

Mimulus spp.
  • Monkey Flower
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Mountain Ironwood

Cercocarpus betuloides
  • Mountain Ironwood
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

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